Amman

Amman is the capital and most populous city of Jordan. It is the country's political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The municipality's estimated population is 4 million.

The recent economic growth experienced in Amman is unmatched by any other Arab city except those located in the Persian Gulf area. Amman is also the administrative seat of the homonymous governorate . Amman is also ranked a Beta -global city on the World city index, the same category as Abu Dhabi, Kuwait City  and Manama .

Amman was named one of the MENA's best cities according to economic, labour, environmental, and socio-cultural factors. Amman is among the most popular locations for multinational corporations to set up their regional offices, alongside Doha and only behind Dubai. Furthermore, it is expected that in the next 10 years these three cities will capture the largest share of multinational corporation activity in the region. It is a major tourist destination in the region and the capital is especially popular among Persian Gulf tourists.

 


The Roman theater was built the reign of Antonius Pius (138-161 CE). The large and steeply raked structure could seat about 6,000 people: built into the hillside, it was oriented north to keep the sun off the spectators.

It was divided into three horizontal sections . Side entrances existed at ground level, one leading to the orchestra and the other to the stage. Rooms behind these entrances now house the Jordanian Museum of Popular Traditions on the one side, and the Amman Folklore Museum on the other side.

The highest section of seats in a theater was (and still is) called "The Gods". Although far from the stage, even there the sight lines are excellent, and the actors could be clearly heard, owing to the steepness of the cavea.



The Amman Citadel is a national historic site at the center of downtown Amman, Jordan . Known in Arabic as Jabal al-Qal'a, (جبل القلعة), the L-shaped hill is one of the seven hills that originally made up Amman. Evidence of occupation since the pottery Neolithic period has been found, making it among the world's oldest continuously ihabited places.

The Citadel is considered an important site because it has had a long history of occupation by many great civilizations. Most of the buildings still visible at the site are from the Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods. The major buildings at the site are the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and the Umayyad Palace.

Though the fortification walls enclose the heart of the site, the ancient periods of occupation covered large areas. Historic structures, tombs, arches, walls and stairs have no modern borders, and therefore there is considerable archaeological potential at this site, as well as in surrounding lands, and throughout Amman.

Archaeologists have been working at the site since the 1920s, including Italian, British, French, Spanish, and Jordanian projects,  but a great part of the Citadel remains unexcavated.